Definitions of Job Types for CDBG

Thank you for accurately describing how your employees fit into the following Economic Development Administration (EDA) classifications:

Officials and Managers
Occupations requiring administrative personnel who set broad policies, exercise overall responsibility for execution of these policies, and direct individual departments or special phases of a firm’s operations. Includes: officials, executives, middle management, plant managers, and superintendents, salaried supervisors who are members of management, purchasing agents and buyers, and kindred workers.

Professional
Occupations requiring either college graduation or experience of such kind and amount as to provide a comparable background.  Includes: accountants and auditors, airplane pilots and navigators, architects, artists, chemists, designers, dietitians, editors, engineers,  lawyers, librarians, mathematicians, natural scientists, registered professional nurses, personnel and labor relations workers, physical scientists, physicians, social scientists, teachers, and kindred workers.

Technicians
Occupations requiring a combination of basic scientific knowledge and manual skill which can be obtained through about 2 years of post-high school education such as is offered in many technical institutes and junior colleges, or through equivalent on-the-job training.  Includes: computer programmers and operators, drafters, engineering aides, junior engineers, mathematic aides, licensed practical or vocational nurses, photographers, radio operators, scientific assistants, surveyors, technical illustrators, technicians (medical, dental, electronic, physical science) and kindred workers.

Sales
Occupations engaging wholly or primarily in direct selling.  Includes: advertising agents and sales workers, insurance agents and  brokers, real estate agents and brokers, sales-workers, demonstrators, retail sales workers, and sales clerks, grocery clerks and cashiers, checkers, and kindred workers.

Office & Clerical
Includes all clerical-type work regardless of level of difficulty, where the activities are predominantly nonmanual though some manual work not directly involved with altering or transporting the products is included.  Includes: bookkeepers, cashiers, collectors (bills and accounts), messengers and office helpers, office machine operators, shipping and receiving clerks, stenographers, typists, and secretaries, telegraph and telephone operators, and kindred workers.

Craft Workers (skilled)
Manual workers of relatively high skill level having a thorough and comprehensive knowledge of the processes involved in their work.  Exercise considerable independent judgment and usually receive an extensive period of training. Includes: the building trades, hourly paid supervisors and lead operators (who are not members of management), mechanics and repairers, skilled machining occupations, compositors and typesetters, electricians, engravers, job setters (metal), motion picture projectionists, pattern and model makers, stationary engineers, tailors, and kindred workers.

Operatives (skilled)
Workers who operate machines or other equipment or perform other factory-type duties or intermediate skill level which can be mastered in a few weeks and require only limited training. Includes: apprentices (auto mechanics, plumbers, bricklayers, carpenters, electricians, machinists, mechanics, building trades, metalworking trades, printing trades, etc.), operatives, attendants (auto service and parking), blasters, chauffeurs, delivery workers, dressmakers and sewers (except factory), dryers, furnace workers, heaters (metal), laundry and dry cleaning, operatives, milliners, mine operatives and laborers, motor operators, oilers and greasers (except auto), painters (except construction and maintenance), photographic process workers, boiler tenders, truck and tractor drivers, weavers (textile), welders and flame-cutters, and kindred workers.

Laborers (unskilled)
Workers in manual occupations which generally require no special training perform elementary duties that may be learned in a few days and require the application of little or no independent judgment.  Includes: garage laborers, car washers and greasers, gardeners (except farm) and groundkeepers, stevedores, wood choppers, laborers performing lifting, digging, mixing, loading and pulling operations, and kindred workers.

Service Workers
Workers in both protective and non-protective service occupations.  Includes: attendants (hospital and other institutions, professional and personal service, including nurse’s aides and orderlies), barbers, char-workers and cleaners, cooks (except household), counter and fountain workers, elevator operators, firefighters and fire protection guards, doorkeepers, stewards, janitors, police officers and detectives, porters, waiters and waitresses, and kindred workers.